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Hermann Graf

Victories : 212
Country : Germany
Fought in : WW2
Fought for : Axis
Died : 11th April 1988

Awarded the Knights Cross of the Iron CrossAwarded Oak Leaves to the Knights CrossAwarded Swords to the Knights CrossAwarded Diamonds to the Knights Cross
Oak LeavesSwordsDiamonds

Hermann Graf, born in October 1912, trained to be a pilot from 1936, and in the summer of 1939 joined 2./JG51. With 9./JG52, Graf was transferred around several European stations, including Greece and Romania, eventually transferring to the Ukraine in August 1941. Claiming his first victory in August 1941, by early 1942 he had scored 45 victories, earning him the Knights Cross on 24th January 1942. Rapidly adding to his victories on the eastern front, Hermann Graf became the first pilot to score over 200 victories, earning the Oak Leaves, Sword and Diamonds to his Knights Cross on 17th May, 19th May and 16th September 1942 respectively. Due to the potential morale loss should such a high scoring Ace be shot down, he was subsequently moved to command a pilot training unit. He was injured after a collision with an American fighter in March 1944, recovering to take command of JG52 once again. finally surrendering his unit in May 1945. His total was 212 victories. Hermann Graf died 11th April 1988.

Click here for artwork signed by this Ace!

Latest Axis Aviation Artwork !
 The Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 54 Erich Rudorffer is depicted in Fw190A-6 'Black Double Chevron' over the misty forests of Finland in June 1944. Credited with 222 aerial victories, he survived being shot down no less than sixteen times and survived the war until eventually passing away in 2016 aged 98.

Erich Rudorffer by Ivan Berryman.
 With 275 victories credited, Gunther Rall is the third highest scoring Ace in history  He was awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords.

Gunther Rall by Ivan Berryman. (P)
 Walter Wolfrum, a Knight's Cross winning German WW2 Ace with 137 victories, in his Bf109G.

Walter Wolfrum by Ivan Berryman. (P)
 Austrian-born Walter Nowotny was one of Germany's highest scoring aces of WWII with 258 victories to his credit, three of them flying the Messerschmitt Me.262. He is depicted here flying White 8 of Kommando Nowotny based at Achmer, Germany in 1944. He was killed in action later that year following a fraught combat with US fighters during the Defence of the Reich.

White 8 - Walter Nowotny by Ivan Berryman.

Hermann Graf

Squadrons for : Hermann Graf
A list of all squadrons known to have been served with by Hermann Graf. A profile page is available by clicking the squadron name.


Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of JG11

Full profile not yet available.


Country : Germany
Founded : August 1939
'Ace of Hearts'

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of JG51

Jagdgeschwader 51 Mölders was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during World War II, named after the fighter ace Werner Mölders in 1942. JG 51's pilots won more Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes than any other Jagdgeschwader, and flew combat from 1939 in all major theatres of war. Flying Bf 109s and then FW 190s, the wing claimed over 8,000 air victories. Experten included 'Toni' Hafner, Heinz Bär, Richard Leppla, Karl-Gottfried Nordmann, Günther Schack and the legendary Mölders.

Formed in August 1939, and commanded by 48-year-old World War I ace Onkel Theo Osterkamp, the early months of the war JG 51 was based in the West, fighting in the French campaign, and in the Battle of Britain. From late June to mid July JG 51 was the only fighter Geschwader engaged against the RAF constantly. During the whole battle JG 51 lost 68 pilots, the highest casualty rate of the Luftwaffe fighter units engaged. JG 51 was one of the two Geschewader that had four Gruppen. The other being JG 1.

Four Bf 109 of JG 51 in France 1940Whilst based out of the Belgian airfield at Mardyik in late 1940, the German ace Josef Pips Priller was a Staffelkapitän with JG 51, flying Bf 109-E Yellow One. Josef Priller went on to score over 100 victories, the third highest scoring Luftwaffe day fighter ace on the Western Front, fighting solely against the Western Allies.

Against the Western Allies JG 51 had claimed 345 aircraft destroyed by May 1941. JG 51 were therefore one of the Jagdwaffe's elite units, with 'top ten' aces at this time including Werner Mölders with 68 claims, Walter Oesau with 34 claims, and Hermann-Friedrich Joppien with 31. Major Werner Mölders became unit Geschwaderkommodore during July 1940 and led the unit into the invasion of Russia in June 1941.

Barbarossa (1941)

Claiming 69 kills on the first day of the offensive, by 30 June 1941 JG 51 became the first fighter Geschwader to claim 1,000 air victories (113 kills in 157 sorties were claimed for the day). On 24 June JG 51 claimed 57 bombers shot down for the day. Mölders became the first fighter pilot to reach 100 claims in August and in the same month JG 51's Oberfeldwebel Heinz Bär reached 60 claims and was decorated with the Oak Leaves. A total of 500 Soviet claims was reached on 12 July 1941, although 6 pilots had been lost by JG 51 in the intervening 3 weeks since the offensive had started.

After Mölders' departure in September 1941 (and death later that year) the Geschwader adopted his name as a title of honor in early 1942. Jagdgeschwader 51 Mölders was to remain on the centre sector of the Russian front throughout the rest of 1941. However Oberstleutnant Friedrich Beckh ( one of the few fighter pilots to wear spectacles) proved an uncharismatic commander after Mölders, and it was not until Major Karl-Gottfried Nordmann took over in April 1942 that a worthy successor to Mölders was found. In the period 22 June - 5 December 1941 the unit destroyed 1,881 Soviet aircraft, in return for 84 losses in aerial combat and a single aircraft on the ground.

Air support for the Wehrmacht's Army Group Centre was entrusted to General Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen's VIII. Fliegerkorps. In early January 1942, among the fighter units available to von Richthofen were II, III and IV/ JG 51. With the onset of the sub-zero conditions of the Russian winter, the majority of JG 51's available aircraft became grounded.

The Russian winter counter offensive forced III./ JG 51 into flying numerous fighter-bomber operations in direct support of the infantry, and the gruppe filed few aerial 'kill' claims through January 1942. II./ JG 51 however, accounted for most of VIII. Fliegerkorps's aerial victories during the Soviet offensive. Particularly successful was the duo of Lt. Hans Strelow and Ofw. Wilhelm Mink, both of 5. JG 51. They claimed five MiG-3s of 16 IAP on 4 January (Mink claimed three) and 9 days later Mink claimed a Pe-2 and Strelow destroyed two R-Z biplanes for his 30th and 31st victories. On 4 February, Strelow increased his victories to 36 by shooting down four Russian aircraft. The 19 year-old Strelow claimed his 40th victory on 28 February and claimed 4 victories on both 6 March and 17 March. The next day he was awarded the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes and also shot down seven Soviet aircraft. He was awarded the Eichenlaub on 24 March, his claims total at 66.

Normandy (1944)

7./JG 51, (with Bf 109G-6's) was attached to II./JG 1 in May 1944 from Brest-Litovsk, with pilots arriving at Störmede late in May and hurriedly converting to the FW-190. (It was later renamed 8./JG 1 on 15 August 1944 when the four-Staffeln Gruppe became standard) 7. Staffel was led by Ritterkreuzträger (Knight's Cross winner) Hptm. Karl-Heinz Weber with 136 confirmed kills. Its two other experten were Lt. Friedrich Krakowitzer (23 kills) and Ofhr. Günther Heckmann with 12 kills.

7./JG 51 joined II. Gruppe with 15 pilots on strength at the end of May, and during the first two months of the Normandy campaign the staffel was decimated, with twelve pilots killed, one POW and one severely wounded.

As the war turned against Germany JG 51 was forced to operate closer and closer to Germany, finally staging out of East Prussia.


Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of JG52

The most successful Luftwaffe fighter-wing of World War II, with a claim total of more than 10,000 victories over enemy aircraft. It was home to the top three scoring Experten of the Luftwaffe, Erich Hartmann, Gerhard Barkhorn and Günther Rall. The unit flew the various marks of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 exclusively through the war.

Known Victory Claims - Hermann Graf









04/08/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-1610km SSE Kiew6.2Eastern Front
05/08/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-163km S. Kiew18.06Eastern Front
11/08/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52MiG-32km E. Kanew14.35Eastern Front
30/08/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52DB-360km NE Dnepropetrowsk8.4Eastern Front
06/09/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-1625km E. Krementschug18.23Eastern Front
13/09/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-2616km NW Perekop10.46Eastern Front
24/09/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52DB-3Balakleja12.1Eastern Front
27/09/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52DB-350km W. Charkow14.22Eastern Front
03/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-2610km E. Charkow17Eastern Front
03/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16über Charkow17.05Eastern Front
11/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52SB-210km E. Losowaja7.1Eastern Front
11/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-15320km E. Losowaja7.15Eastern Front
14/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-2615km N. Walki16.1Eastern Front
14/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-2610km N. Walki16.13Eastern Front
24/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-61Bojsowka12.5Eastern Front
24/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-61Bojsowka12.52Eastern Front
25/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-61Aibar15.21Eastern Front
27/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-6110km S. Juschun15.38Eastern Front
28/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-61SE Aibar10.02Eastern Front
28/10/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52R-5SE Aibar10.03Eastern Front
01/11/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16N. Sewastopol16.15Eastern Front
08/11/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-18S. Rostow11.58Eastern Front
09/11/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-1610km E. Schachty14.35Eastern Front
11/11/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-61N. Roweniki14.55Eastern Front
17/11/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-1610km E. Rostow14.38Eastern Front
20/11/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52Su-220km NE Agrafenowka13.52Eastern Front
23/11/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52Il-2S. Rostow13.36Eastern Front
29/11/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-1610km NNE Rostow10.21Eastern Front
29/11/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52DB-3ENE Rostow10.27Eastern Front
29/11/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16S. Batajsk13.07Eastern Front
02/12/1941Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-1620km S. Taganrog12.19Eastern Front
08/05/1942Ltn. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16 Ratabei Sielschuk: 2500m10.47Eastern Front
03/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Il-206 67: 400m18.3Eastern Front
05/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-306 760: 400m9.37Eastern Front
12/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-186 754: 400m14.32Eastern Front
13/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16 Rata85 123: 300m15.32Eastern Front
14/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16 Rata95 112: 150m10.14Eastern Front
14/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16 Rata95 113: 300m10.2Eastern Front
14/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-185 263: 600m13.37Eastern Front
14/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Hurricane85 224: 1000m13.52Eastern Front
14/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-385 241: 300m13.57Eastern Front
15/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-195 174: 50m16.41Eastern Front
16/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16 Rata85 314: 50m16.54Eastern Front
17/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-15385 423: 400m11.42Eastern Front
17/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-15385 433: 1500m15.36Eastern Front
17/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-15395 581: 400m15.41Eastern Front
18/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-15385 253: 600m16.43Eastern Front
18/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52R-585 494: tiefflug16.43Eastern Front
22/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 154: 600m14.03Eastern Front
22/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Il-230 892: 800m13.55Eastern Front
23/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 413: 3200m7.22Eastern Front
23/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-18049 194: 2200m7.27Eastern Front
23/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 271: 3000m13.28Eastern Front
23/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 194: 1800m13.31Eastern Front
24/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-18049 421: 1200m9.28Eastern Front
24/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Il-249 243: tiefflug9.58Eastern Front
25/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 412: 3500m11.51Eastern Front
25/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 412: 4000m17.27Eastern Front
29/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-359 173: 1800m14.22Eastern Front
30/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52P-249 613: tiefflug16.52Eastern Front
30/08/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Il-249 361: 400m17.07Eastern Front
02/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Curtiss P-4049 362: 800m9.12Eastern Front
02/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Il-249 441: tiefflug9.15Eastern Front
02/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52DB-759 143: 7000m13.32Eastern Front
02/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 361: 4200m17.15Eastern Front
02/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Curtiss P-4049 413: 2500m17.11Eastern Front
03/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 234: 400m17.13Eastern Front
03/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-140 471: 2200m17.06Eastern Front
03/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-140 852: 2400m13.51Eastern Front
03/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-340 872: 3800m13.48Eastern Front
04/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 241: 2000m10.12Eastern Front
05/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Curtiss P-4046 881: tiefflug16.5Eastern Front
06/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 163: 400m13.21Eastern Front
06/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 124: 600m13.23Eastern Front
06/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-140 784: tiefflug13.27Eastern Front
08/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52La-549 192: 600m11.28Eastern Front
08/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Il-249 194: 100m11.29Eastern Front
08/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52La-549 253: 3000m11.35Eastern Front
09/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52La-549 412: 2000m13.21Eastern Front
09/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52La-549 444: 1200m13.34Eastern Front
09/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-344 461: 1800m16.46Eastern Front
10/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52La-549 444: 2500m15.24Eastern Front
10/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52La-549 444: 2300m15.35Eastern Front
11/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52P-240 781: 2800m15.58Eastern Front
11/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Curtiss P-4040 889: 3000m16.09Eastern Front
12/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Curtiss P-4049 412: 1800m16.47Eastern Front
12/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Curtiss P-4049 161: tiefflug17.13Eastern Front
14/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16 Rata49 453: 800m8Eastern Front
14/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16 Rata49 420: 1200m8.04Eastern Front
14/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 411: 1000m8.09Eastern Front
15/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16 Rata49 423: 400m6.35Eastern Front
15/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-15349 453: 700m6.39Eastern Front
15/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 272: 1200m7.05Eastern Front
16/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Su-249 271: 3000m7.35Eastern Front
16/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Curtiss P-4040 882: 3500m7.39Eastern Front
17/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-359 111: 3800m14.36Eastern Front
17/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-140 872: 3200m8.52Eastern Front
17/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-140 782: 3800m8.48Eastern Front
18/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 12411.37Eastern Front
18/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 12111.59Eastern Front
18/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Il-249 13412.12Eastern Front
20/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-340 764: 4200m8.2Eastern Front
21/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 151: 200m11.32Eastern Front
21/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 132: 1200m11.4Eastern Front
21/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Il-249 412: tiefflug16.25Eastern Front
21/09/1942Oblt. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-110 162: 200m17.02Eastern Front
22/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-16 Rata49 272: 1200m11.2Eastern Front
22/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 261: 3200m16.45Eastern Front
23/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 274: 2000m10.42Eastern Front
23/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52Il-249 201: 100m11.03Eastern Front
23/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-340 792: 1800m11.05Eastern Front
23/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 764: tiefflug11.07Eastern Front
23/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 124: 1800m14.3Eastern Front
23/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52Su-249 138: 1500m14.31Eastern Front
23/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52Su-240 794: 1200m14.33Eastern Front
23/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-140 782: 3200m16.39Eastern Front
23/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-140 763: 1200m16.42Eastern Front
23/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 423: 1500m16.55Eastern Front
25/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52La-559 144: 2200m14.41Eastern Front
25/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52La-549 284: 1200m14.46Eastern Front
26/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52I-15349 294 [Est]: 800m8.57Eastern Front
26/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52LaGG-349 211: 2200m16.42Eastern Front
26/09/1942Hptm. Hermann Graf9JG 52Jak-149 451: 1600m16.58Eastern Front
06/09/1943Major Hermann GrafStabJGr. 50B-1730-50km S. Stuttgart: 7000m10.5Western Front
06/09/1943Major Hermann GrafStabJGr. 50B-17S. Schwarzwald: 6000m11.08Western Front
10/02/1944Obstlt. Hermann GrafStabJG 11B-17FA-7: 6500m [SSW Celle]11.5Western Front
24/02/1944Obstltn. Hermann GrafStabJG 11B-2405 Ost S/QT: 7000m [Raum Giessen]13.4Western Front
06/03/1944Obstltn. Hermann GrafStabJG 11B-24--Western Front
08/03/1944Obstltn. Hermann GrafStabJG 11P-51--Western Front
29/03/1944Obstltn. Hermann GrafStabJG 11P-51--Western Front
29/03/1944Obstltn. Hermann GrafStabJG 11P-51--Western Front
05/06/1944Obstlt. Hermann Graf7JG 52Jak-978 561: 800m10.21Eastern Front

Known Claims : 132

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