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Victories : 49
Posted to II./JG54 on the Eastern Front, Herbert Koller flew Fw190s with 5./JG54, scoring his first victory on 19th February 1943, over an Il-2. By the end of the year his victory claims had risen to 12, including 8 Il-2 Shturmoviks, and a Boston bomber. The year 1944 saw intense combat 5./JG54 on an almost daily basis, and month by month Herbert Kollers victories continued to mount, by the end of 1944 his tally had risen to 48. His final, and 49th victory came on 9th April 1945 when he downed a Yak 3.
Click here for artwork signed by this Ace!
Erich Rudorffer by Ivan Berryman.
Gunther Rall by Ivan Berryman. (P)
Walter Wolfrum by Ivan Berryman. (P)
White 8 - Walter Nowotny by Ivan Berryman.
|Squadrons for : Herbert Koller|
|A list of all squadrons known to have been served with by Herbert Koller. A profile page is available by clicking the squadron name.|
Country : Germany
Come one, come all
I./JG 54 was initially formed as I./JG 70 near Nuremberg in July 1939, just two short months before hostilities broke out. As was to become tradition within Grunherzgeschwader, the Gruppe took the Nurember coat-of-arms (a veritcally divided shield with a black heraldic bird on the left, and red and white diagonal stripes on the right) to represent the region the unit came from.
On September 15, 1939, I./JG 70 was redesignated I./JG 54
The initial unit designation for II./JG 54 was I./JG 138. This unit was raised in 1938 after the Austrian annexation. Naturally many Austrian nationals were recruited when I./JG 138 was formed. The Aspern coat of arms (black lion's head surmounting a white cross on a red field) was taken by the Gruppe for its identity.
I./JG 138 was briefly designated I./JG 76 before finally becoming II./JG 54 on April 6, 1940.
The III./JG 54 has its roots in Prussia. Initially I./JG 21, the members were drawn from the Jesau region in Prussia. The modified Jesau coat-of-arms (a shield with a Jesau cross with three diving aircraft on a red background, with a white outline on the shield) was adopted as the Gruppe's own.
On July 15, 1939, I./JG 21 was redesignated III./JG 54. However, the bureaucratic nature of the young Luftwaffe was such that it was over a year before records would reflect the new designation. Consequently, III./JG 54 fought in Poland and France as I./JG 21.
Kommodoren of JG 54 :
Major Martin Mettig; 2 Feb 40 to 25 Aug 40.
Oberst Hannes Trautloft; 25 Aug 40 to 5 Jul 43.
Major Hubertus von Bonin; 6 Jul 43 to 15 Dec 43.
Oberstleutnant Anton Mader; 28 Jan 44 to Sep 44.
Oberst Dieter Hrabak; 1 Oct 44 to 8 May 45.
|Aircraft for : Herbert Koller|
|A list of all aircraft associated with Herbert Koller. A profile page including a list of all art prints for the aircraft is available by clicking the aircraft name.|
Manufacturer : Fokke-Wulf
Production Began : 1940
Retired : 1945
The Focke-Wulf 190 development project began in 1937. Conceived as a hedge against total dependence on the Messerchmitt 109, the 190 was designed by Kurt Tank utilizing a radial engine. This was against generally accepted design criteria in Germany, and many historians believe that the decision to produce a radial engine fighter was largely due to the limited manufacturing capacity for in-line, water-cooled engines which were widely used on all other Luftwaffe aircraft. Despite these concerns, Tanks design was brilliant, and the 190 would become one of the top fighter aircraft of WWII. The first prototype flew in mid-1939. The aircraft had excellent flying characteristics, a wonderful rate of acceleration, and was heavily armed. By late 1940 the new fighter was ordered into production. Nicknamed the butcher bird, by Luftwaffe pilots, early 190s were quite successful in the bomber interceptor role, but at this stage of the war many Allied bombing raids lacked fighter escort. As the war dragged on, Allied bombers were increasingly accompanied by fighters, including the very effective P-51 Mustang. The Allies learned from experience that the 190s performance fell off sharply at altitudes above 20,000 feet. As a result, most Allied bombing missions were shifted to higher altitudes when fighter opposition was likely. Kurt Tank had recognized this shortcoming and began working on a high-altitude version of the 190 utilizing an in-line, water-cooled engine. Utilizing a Jumo 12-cylinder engine rated at 1770-HP, and capable of 2,240-HP for short bursts with its methanol injection system, the 190D, or Long Nose or Dora as it was called, had a top speed of 426-MPH at 22,000 feet. Armament was improved with two fuselage and two wing mounted 20mm cannon. To accommodate the changes in power plants the Dora had a longer, more streamlined fuselage, with 24 inches added to the nose, and an additional 19 inches added aft of the cockpit to compensate for the altered center of gravity. By mid 1944 the Dora began to reach fighter squadrons in quantity. Although the aircraft had all the right attributes to serve admirably in the high altitude interceptor role, it was not generally focused on such missions. Instead many 190Ds were assigned to protect airfields where Me-262 jet fighters were based. This was due to the latter aircrafts extreme vulnerability to Allied attack during takeoff and landing. The 190Ds also played a major role in Operation Bodenplatte, the New Years Day raid in 1945 which destroyed approximately 500 Allied aircraft on the ground. The High Command was impressed with the 190Ds record on this raid, and ordered most future production of the Doras to be equipped as fighter-bombers. In retrospect this was a strategic error, and this capable aircraft was not fully utilized in the role for which it was intended.
Known Victory Claims - Herbert Koller
|19/02/1943||Ogefr. Herbert Koller||6||JG 54||Il-2||18 632: 20m||9.05||Eastern Front|
|23/02/1943||Ogefr. Herbert Koller||6||JG 54||R-5||19 832: 20m||8.35||Eastern Front|
|18/06/1943||Ogefr. Herbert Koller||6||JG 54||La-5||20 124: 200m||6.2||Eastern Front|
|18/06/1943||Ogefr. Herbert Koller||6||JG 54||La-5||10 121: 600m||6.31||Eastern Front|
|21/06/1943||Ogefr. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||LaGG-3||21 753: 800m||15.49||Eastern Front|
|13/07/1943||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||La-5||64 899: 50m||8.38||Eastern Front|
|13/07/1943||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||63 251: 300m||9.17||Eastern Front|
|13/07/1943||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||63 231: 20m||9.22||Eastern Front|
|15/07/1943||Ltn. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||54 42: 170-200m||17.05||Eastern Front|
|17/07/1943||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-1||54 618: 1200m||6.45||Eastern Front|
|15/08/1943||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2mH.||54 583: 200m||16.07||Eastern Front|
|23/08/1943||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Boston III||44 412: 3000m||7.13||Eastern Front|
|24/01/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||80 663||10.49||Eastern Front|
|25/01/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||80 66: 100m||10.49||Eastern Front|
|27/01/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||90 574: 500m||8.2||Eastern Front|
|27/01/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||90 583: 100m||8.23||Eastern Front|
|10/02/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||6||JG 54||Pe-2||00 754: 300m||6.45||Eastern Front|
|11/02/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||La-5||80 223: 3000m||12.53||Eastern Front|
|11/02/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||La-5||80 252: 2000m||13.55||Eastern Front|
|05/06/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||70 244: 200m||11.35||Eastern Front|
|17/06/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||91 382: 500m||17.4||Eastern Front|
|20/06/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Airacobra||91 353: 400m||17.47||Eastern Front|
|21/06/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||La-5||81 574: 2000m||9.25||Eastern Front|
|28/06/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||La-5||91 172: 4000m||20.5||Eastern Front|
|29/06/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Pe-2||91 322: 1000m||8.17||Eastern Front|
|01/07/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||85 734: 2000m [Novorzhev/Pskov]||5.3||Eastern Front|
|21/07/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||88 773: 800m||15.5||Eastern Front|
|26/07/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||70 683: 3000m||16.3||Eastern Front|
|27/07/1944||Uffz. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||78 472: 20m||19.01||Eastern Front|
|02/08/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||La-5||70 658 2000m||13.11||Eastern Front|
|30/08/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||69 556: 5500m||19.1||Eastern Front|
|30/08/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||69 594: 300m||19.15||Eastern Front|
|05/09/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||69 661: 150m||17.38||Eastern Front|
|05/09/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||69 492: 50m||18.02||Eastern Front|
|06/09/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||69 482: 1500m||16.07||Eastern Front|
|06/09/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||69 481: 1000m||16.15||Eastern Front|
|15/09/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||50 399: 2500m||17||Eastern Front|
|15/09/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||50 396: 2500m||17.08||Eastern Front|
|17/09/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||La-5||59 895: 400m||13.45||Eastern Front|
|21/09/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||La-5||-||16.--||Eastern Front|
|28/09/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||48 892: 50m||14.38||Eastern Front|
|09/10/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||17 688: 1000m||14.16||Eastern Front|
|09/10/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Jak-9||17 698: 700m||14.19||Eastern Front|
|16/10/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||La-5||14 652: 300m||11.43||Eastern Front|
|17/10/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Il-2||17 564: 700m||15.36||Eastern Front|
|22/10/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Pe-2||17 567: 3000m||14.18||Eastern Front|
|27/10/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Pe-2||17 612: 3000m||11.35||Eastern Front|
|27/10/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Pe-2||17 618: 700m||11.37||Eastern Front|
|29/10/1944||Fw. Herbert Koller||5||JG 54||Airacobra||27 518: 1000m||11.13||Eastern Front|
Known Claims : 49
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This website is owned by Cranston Fine Arts. Torwood House, Torwoodhill Road, Rhu, Helensburgh, Scotland, G848LE
Contact: Tel: (+44) (0) 1436 820269. Fax:
(+44) (0) 1436 820473. Email: