Victories : 58
Hermann Buchner was born in Salzburg, Austria, 30th October 1919. Hermann Buchner's first combat role was ground attack. After 215 combat missions he was badly injured when his Me109 exploded at 22,000ft. Returning to action in 1943, he flew a further 200 missions before again being wounded. Back in action a third time, he fought in the Crimea and Romania. After 500 ground attack missions he transferred to join 'Nowotny', the Me262 jet trials unit, and then 9./JG7. He was the first jet pilot in history to score a victory. Hermann Buchner had 58 air victories plus 48 tanks, numerous trucks and anti-aircraft units. He was awarded the Knight's Cross in July 1944. Hermann Buchner died in Lorsching, 1st December 2005, aged 86.
Click here for artwork signed by this Ace!
White 8 - Walter Nowotny by Ivan Berryman.
Erich Hartmann - The Ace of Aces by Ivan Berryman.
A New Shape in the Sky by Ivan Berryman. (P)
Messerschmitt Bf109E-7/Bs by Jerry Boucher.
|Squadrons for : Hermann Buchner|
|A list of all squadrons known to have been served with by Hermann Buchner. A profile page is available by clicking the squadron name.|
Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'
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Nowotny was a Luftwaffe fighter-wing of World War II and the first operational jet fighter wing in the world.
It was created late in 1944 and served until the end of the war in May 1945, and it operated the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter exclusively.
JG 7 was formed under the command of Oberst Johannes Steinhoff, with Kommando Nowotny (the initial Me 262 test wing ) renumbered III./JG 7. Under the command of Major Erich Hohagen III./JG 7 was the only element of JG 7 ready to operate against the Allies. Throughout its existence JG 7 suffered from an irregular supply of new aircraft, fuel and spares. With such a radically new aircraft, training accidents were also common, with 10 Me 262s being lost in six weeks.
The technical troubles and material shortages meant initial tentative sorties were only in flight strength, usually no more than 4 or 6 aircraft. Flying from Brandenburg-Briest, Oranienburg and Parchim, the Geschwader flew intermittently against the huge USAAF bomber streams.
By the end of February 1945 JG 7 had claimed around 45 four-engine bombers and 15 fighters, but at this stage of war this success rate had no affect whatsoever on the Allied air offensive. During March JG 7 finally began to deliver larger scale attacks against the heavy bomber streams. 3 March saw 29 sorties for 8 kills claimed (one jet was lost). On 18 March III./JG 7 finally managed their biggest attack numerically thus far, some 37 Me 262s engaging a force of 1,200 American bombers and 600 fighters. This action also marked the first use of the new R4M rockets. 12 bombers and 1 fighter were claimed for the loss of 3 Me 262s.
The total numbers of aircraft shot down by JG 7 is difficult to quantify due to the loss of Luftwaffe records, but at least 136 aircraft were claimed, and research indicates as many as 420 Allied aircraft may have been claimed shot down.
Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'
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Full profile not yet available.
|Aircraft for : Hermann Buchner|
|A list of all aircraft associated with Hermann Buchner. A profile page including a list of all art prints for the aircraft is available by clicking the aircraft name.|
Manufacturer : Fokke-Wulf
Production Began : 1940
Retired : 1945
The Focke-Wulf 190 development project began in 1937. Conceived as a hedge against total dependence on the Messerchmitt 109, the 190 was designed by Kurt Tank utilizing a radial engine. This was against generally accepted design criteria in Germany, and many historians believe that the decision to produce a radial engine fighter was largely due to the limited manufacturing capacity for in-line, water-cooled engines which were widely used on all other Luftwaffe aircraft. Despite these concerns, Tanks design was brilliant, and the 190 would become one of the top fighter aircraft of WWII. The first prototype flew in mid-1939. The aircraft had excellent flying characteristics, a wonderful rate of acceleration, and was heavily armed. By late 1940 the new fighter was ordered into production. Nicknamed the butcher bird, by Luftwaffe pilots, early 190s were quite successful in the bomber interceptor role, but at this stage of the war many Allied bombing raids lacked fighter escort. As the war dragged on, Allied bombers were increasingly accompanied by fighters, including the very effective P-51 Mustang. The Allies learned from experience that the 190s performance fell off sharply at altitudes above 20,000 feet. As a result, most Allied bombing missions were shifted to higher altitudes when fighter opposition was likely. Kurt Tank had recognized this shortcoming and began working on a high-altitude version of the 190 utilizing an in-line, water-cooled engine. Utilizing a Jumo 12-cylinder engine rated at 1770-HP, and capable of 2,240-HP for short bursts with its methanol injection system, the 190D, or Long Nose or Dora as it was called, had a top speed of 426-MPH at 22,000 feet. Armament was improved with two fuselage and two wing mounted 20mm cannon. To accommodate the changes in power plants the Dora had a longer, more streamlined fuselage, with 24 inches added to the nose, and an additional 19 inches added aft of the cockpit to compensate for the altered center of gravity. By mid 1944 the Dora began to reach fighter squadrons in quantity. Although the aircraft had all the right attributes to serve admirably in the high altitude interceptor role, it was not generally focused on such missions. Instead many 190Ds were assigned to protect airfields where Me-262 jet fighters were based. This was due to the latter aircrafts extreme vulnerability to Allied attack during takeoff and landing. The 190Ds also played a major role in Operation Bodenplatte, the New Years Day raid in 1945 which destroyed approximately 500 Allied aircraft on the ground. The High Command was impressed with the 190Ds record on this raid, and ordered most future production of the Doras to be equipped as fighter-bombers. In retrospect this was a strategic error, and this capable aircraft was not fully utilized in the role for which it was intended.
Manufacturer : Messerschmitt
Production Began : 1937
Retired : 1945
Number Built : 33984
Willy Messerschmitt designed the BF109 during the early 1930s. The Bf109 was one of the first all metal monocoque construction fighters with a closed canopy and retractable undercarriage. The engine of the Me109 was a V12 aero engine which was liquid-cooled. The Bf109 first saw operational service during the Spanish Civil War and flew to the end of World War II, during which time it was the backbone of the Luftwaffe fighter squadrons. During the Battle of Britian the Bf109 was used in the role of an escort fighter, a role for which it was not designed for, and it was also used as a fighter bomber. During the last days of May 1940 Robert Stanford-Tuck, the RAF ace, got the chance to fly an Me109 which they had rebuilt after it had crash landed. Stanford-Tuck found out that the Me109 was a wonderful little plane, it was slightly faster than the Spitfire, but lacked the Spitfire manoeuvrability. By testing the Me109, Tuck could put himself inside the Me109 when fighting them, knowing its weak and strong points. With the introduction of the improved Bf109F in the spring of 1941, the type again proved to be an effective fighter during the invasion of Yugoslavia and during the Battle of Crete and the invasion of Russia and it was used during the Siege of the Mediteranean island of Malta. The Bf109 was the main fighter for the Luftwaffe until 1942 when the Fw190 entered service and shared this position, and was partially replaced in Western Europe, but the Me109 continued to serve on the Eastern Front and during the defence of the Reich against the allied bombers. It was also used to good effect in the Mediterranean and North Africa in support of The Africa Korps. The Me109 was also supplied to several German allies, including Finland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, and Slovakia. The Bf109 scored more kills than any other fighter of any country during the war and was built in greater numbers with a total of over 31,000 aircraft being built. The Bf109 was flown by the three top German aces of the war war. Erich Hartmann with 352 victories, Gerhard Barkhorn with 301 victories and Gunther Rall with 275 kills. Bf109 pilots were credited with the destruction of 100 or more enemy aircraft. Thirteen Luftwaffe Aces scored more than 200 kills. Altogether this group of pilots were credited with a total of nearly 15,000 kills, of which the Messerschmitt Bf109 was credited with over 10,000 of these victories. The Bf109 was the most produced warplane during World War II, with 30,573 examples built during the war, and the most produced fighter aircraft in history, with a total of 33,984 units produced up to April 1945. Bf109s remained in foreign service for many years after World War II. The Swiss used their Bf109Gs well into the 1950s. The Finnish Air Force did not retire their Bf109Gs until March 1954. Romania used its Bf109s until 1955. The Spanish Hispanos flew even longer. Some were still in service in the late 1960s.
Manufacturer : Messerschmitt
Number Built : 1400
The Messerschmitt Me-262 Swallow, a masterpiece of engineering, was the first operational mass-produced jet to see service. Prototype testing of the airframe commenced in 1941 utilizing a piston engine. General Adolf Galland, who was in charge of the German Fighter Forces at that time, pressured both Goring and Hitler to accelerate the Me-262, and stress its use as a fighter to defend Germany from Allied bombers. Hitler, however, envisioned the 262 as the aircraft which might allow him to inflict punishment on Britain. About 1400 Swallows were produced, but fortunately for the Allies, only about 300 saw combat duty. While the original plans for the 262 presumed the use of BMW jet engines, production Swallows were ultimately equipped with Jumo 004B turbojet engines. The wing design of the 262 necessitated the unique triangular hull section of the fuselage, giving the aircraft a shark-like appearance. With an 18 degree swept wing, the 262 was capable of Mach .86. The 262 was totally ineffective in a turning duel with Allied fighters, and was also vulnerable to attack during take off and landings. The landing gear was also suspect, and many 262s were destroyed or damaged due to landing gear failure. Despite its sleek jet-age appearance, the 262 was roughly manufactured, because Germany had lost access to its normal aircraft assembly plants. In spite of these drawbacks the 262 was effective. For example, on April 7, 1945 a force of sixty 262s took on a large force of Allied bombers with escort fighters. Armed with their four nose-mounted cannons, and underwing rockets the Swallows succeeded in downing or damaging 25 Allied B-17s on that single mission. While it is unlikely that the outcome of the War could have been altered by an earlier introduction or greater production totals for this aircraft, it is clear to many historians that the duration of the War might have been drastically lengthened if the Me-262 had not been too little too late.
Known Victory Claims - Hermann Buchner
|24/10/1943||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||R-5||39 38: 30m||12||Eastern Front|
|28/10/1943||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Boston||29 47: 2000m||6.3||Eastern Front|
|28/10/1943||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||U-2||39 38: 5m||8.35||Eastern Front|
|29/10/1943||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Airacobra||-||15||Eastern Front|
|06/11/1943||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Il-5||01 75: 1000m||14.4||Eastern Front|
|06/11/1943||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Il-5||01 75: 1000m||14.45||Eastern Front|
|12/02/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Jak-9||6664: 800m||8.4||Eastern Front|
|25/02/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Airacobra||47 771: 1500m||11.23||Eastern Front|
|02/03/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Jak-9||46 364 300m||9.4||Eastern Front|
|30/05/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Jak-9||78 671: 1800m||14.55||Eastern Front|
|30/05/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Il-2mH.||78 674: 100m||15.05||Eastern Front|
|30/05/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Il-2mH.||48 674: 300m||15.08||Eastern Front|
|31/05/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Airacobra||78 672: 800m||6.4||Eastern Front|
|31/05/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Il-2mH.||78 821: 300m||14.53||Eastern Front|
|01/06/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Airacobra||78 812: 2500m||13.3||Eastern Front|
|04/06/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Il-2mH.||78 594: 200m||15||Eastern Front|
|04/06/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Jak-9||78 463: 20m||8.55||Eastern Front|
|05/06/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Il-2mH.||78 672: 700m||13.5||Eastern Front|
|05/06/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Il-2mH.||78 672: 100m||13.53||Eastern Front|
|05/06/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Il-2mH.||78 673: 1000m||16.48||Eastern Front|
|05/06/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||Il-2mH.||78 674: 400m||16.5||Eastern Front|
|23/06/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||B-17||65 134: 6000m||9.5||Eastern Front|
|23/06/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||6||SG 2||B-17||24 Ost N/65134: 6000m [Ploësti]||9.5||Western Front|
|29/10/1944||Fw. Hermann Buchner||2||Kdo. Nowotny||P-47||W. Rheine: 2000m||16.26||Western Front|
|01/11/1944||Fw. Hermann Buchner||2||Kdo. Nowotny||P-51||4km N. Legden SE Ahaus||13.55||Western Front|
|02/11/1944||Fw. Hermann Buchner||2||Kdo. Nowotny||P-47||Bielefeld: 9000m||12.15||Western Front|
|02/11/1944||Fw. Hermann Buchner||2||Kdo. Nowotny||B-24||Münster: 8000m||12.38||Western Front|
|23/11/1944||Fw. Hermann Buchner||2||Kdo. Nowotny||P-38||-||11.33||Western Front|
|26/11/1944||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||1||Kdo. Nowotny||P-38||-||12.09||Western Front|
|22/02/1945||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||III.||JG 7||P-51||bei Stendal||-||Western Front|
|20/03/1945||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||III.||JG 7||B-17||NW Hamburg||-||Western Front|
|22/03/1945||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||III.||JG 7||B-17||Raum Cottbus-Bautzen-Dresden||12.45±||Western Front|
|24/03/1945||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||III.||JG 7||B-17||S. Berlin||12.00±||Western Front|
|25/03/1945||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||III.||JG 7||B-24||S. Hamburg||10.45||Western Front|
|31/03/1945||Ofw. Hermann Buchner||III.||JG 7||Lancaster||-||-||Western Front|
Known Claims : 35
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This website is owned by Cranston Fine Arts. Torwood House, Torwoodhill Road, Rhu, Helensburgh, Scotland, G848LE
Contact: Tel: (+44) (0) 1436 820269. Fax:
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