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Wilhelm Kuken

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Victories : 45
-----------------------------
Country : Germany
Fought in : WW2
Fought for : Axis


Latest Axis Aviation Artwork !
 Austrian-born Walter Nowotny was one of Germany's highest scoring aces of WWII with 258 victories to his credit, three of them flying the Messerschmitt Me.262. He is depicted here flying White 8 of Kommando Nowotny based at Achmer, Germany in 1944. He was killed in action later that year following a fraught combat with US fighters during the Defence of the Reich.

White 8 - Walter Nowotny by Ivan Berryman.
 The highest scoring fighter pilot of all time with a confirmed tally of 352 victories, Erich Hartmann is depicted getting airborne from a snowy airstrip in Czechoslovakia, late in 1944 in a Bf109G-6 of 6./JG 52.

Erich Hartmann - The Ace of Aces by Ivan Berryman.
 The Junkers Ju.287 V1 bomber prototype was a typical example of Germany's research into advanced aerodynamics at the end of World War II. Featuring forward swept wings and four Jumo 004B-1 Orkan axial-flow turbojets, this extraordinary aircraft made several successful flights before the project was curtailed by the war's end. RS+RA is shown on a test flight, carrying a cine camera in front of the fin to record airflow by means of wool tufts glued to the wings and fuselage sides. The characteristics of forward swept wings are only now being re-evaluated, 70 years after Junkers' first tentative steps into the unknown.

A New Shape in the Sky by Ivan Berryman. (P)
 Messerschmitt Bf109E-7Bs belonging to III./JG27, during the Balkan Campaign of 1941.  The yellow and white painted areas were used as recognition markings, so that they were not fired upon by friendly ground units during their low-level sorties.

Messerschmitt Bf109E-7/Bs by Jerry Boucher.

Wilhelm Kuken

Squadrons for : Wilhelm Kuken
A list of all squadrons known to have been served with by Wilhelm Kuken. A profile page is available by clicking the squadron name.
SquadronInfo

JG51

Country : Germany
Founded : August 1939
'Ace of Hearts'

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of JG51
JG51

Jagdgeschwader 51 Mölders was a Luftwaffe fighter wing during World War II, named after the fighter ace Werner Mölders in 1942. JG 51's pilots won more Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes than any other Jagdgeschwader, and flew combat from 1939 in all major theatres of war. Flying Bf 109s and then FW 190s, the wing claimed over 8,000 air victories. Experten included 'Toni' Hafner, Heinz Bär, Richard Leppla, Karl-Gottfried Nordmann, Günther Schack and the legendary Mölders.

Formed in August 1939, and commanded by 48-year-old World War I ace Onkel Theo Osterkamp, the early months of the war JG 51 was based in the West, fighting in the French campaign, and in the Battle of Britain. From late June to mid July JG 51 was the only fighter Geschwader engaged against the RAF constantly. During the whole battle JG 51 lost 68 pilots, the highest casualty rate of the Luftwaffe fighter units engaged. JG 51 was one of the two Geschewader that had four Gruppen. The other being JG 1.

Four Bf 109 of JG 51 in France 1940Whilst based out of the Belgian airfield at Mardyik in late 1940, the German ace Josef Pips Priller was a Staffelkapitän with JG 51, flying Bf 109-E Yellow One. Josef Priller went on to score over 100 victories, the third highest scoring Luftwaffe day fighter ace on the Western Front, fighting solely against the Western Allies.

Against the Western Allies JG 51 had claimed 345 aircraft destroyed by May 1941. JG 51 were therefore one of the Jagdwaffe's elite units, with 'top ten' aces at this time including Werner Mölders with 68 claims, Walter Oesau with 34 claims, and Hermann-Friedrich Joppien with 31. Major Werner Mölders became unit Geschwaderkommodore during July 1940 and led the unit into the invasion of Russia in June 1941.

Barbarossa (1941)

Claiming 69 kills on the first day of the offensive, by 30 June 1941 JG 51 became the first fighter Geschwader to claim 1,000 air victories (113 kills in 157 sorties were claimed for the day). On 24 June JG 51 claimed 57 bombers shot down for the day. Mölders became the first fighter pilot to reach 100 claims in August and in the same month JG 51's Oberfeldwebel Heinz Bär reached 60 claims and was decorated with the Oak Leaves. A total of 500 Soviet claims was reached on 12 July 1941, although 6 pilots had been lost by JG 51 in the intervening 3 weeks since the offensive had started.

After Mölders' departure in September 1941 (and death later that year) the Geschwader adopted his name as a title of honor in early 1942. Jagdgeschwader 51 Mölders was to remain on the centre sector of the Russian front throughout the rest of 1941. However Oberstleutnant Friedrich Beckh ( one of the few fighter pilots to wear spectacles) proved an uncharismatic commander after Mölders, and it was not until Major Karl-Gottfried Nordmann took over in April 1942 that a worthy successor to Mölders was found. In the period 22 June - 5 December 1941 the unit destroyed 1,881 Soviet aircraft, in return for 84 losses in aerial combat and a single aircraft on the ground.

Air support for the Wehrmacht's Army Group Centre was entrusted to General Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen's VIII. Fliegerkorps. In early January 1942, among the fighter units available to von Richthofen were II, III and IV/ JG 51. With the onset of the sub-zero conditions of the Russian winter, the majority of JG 51's available aircraft became grounded.

The Russian winter counter offensive forced III./ JG 51 into flying numerous fighter-bomber operations in direct support of the infantry, and the gruppe filed few aerial 'kill' claims through January 1942. II./ JG 51 however, accounted for most of VIII. Fliegerkorps's aerial victories during the Soviet offensive. Particularly successful was the duo of Lt. Hans Strelow and Ofw. Wilhelm Mink, both of 5. JG 51. They claimed five MiG-3s of 16 IAP on 4 January (Mink claimed three) and 9 days later Mink claimed a Pe-2 and Strelow destroyed two R-Z biplanes for his 30th and 31st victories. On 4 February, Strelow increased his victories to 36 by shooting down four Russian aircraft. The 19 year-old Strelow claimed his 40th victory on 28 February and claimed 4 victories on both 6 March and 17 March. The next day he was awarded the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes and also shot down seven Soviet aircraft. He was awarded the Eichenlaub on 24 March, his claims total at 66.

Normandy (1944)

7./JG 51, (with Bf 109G-6's) was attached to II./JG 1 in May 1944 from Brest-Litovsk, with pilots arriving at Störmede late in May and hurriedly converting to the FW-190. (It was later renamed 8./JG 1 on 15 August 1944 when the four-Staffeln Gruppe became standard) 7. Staffel was led by Ritterkreuzträger (Knight's Cross winner) Hptm. Karl-Heinz Weber with 136 confirmed kills. Its two other experten were Lt. Friedrich Krakowitzer (23 kills) and Ofhr. Günther Heckmann with 12 kills.

7./JG 51 joined II. Gruppe with 15 pilots on strength at the end of May, and during the first two months of the Normandy campaign the staffel was decimated, with twelve pilots killed, one POW and one severely wounded.

As the war turned against Germany JG 51 was forced to operate closer and closer to Germany, finally staging out of East Prussia.

JG52

Country : Germany
'Ace of Hearts'

Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of JG52
JG52

The most successful Luftwaffe fighter-wing of World War II, with a claim total of more than 10,000 victories over enemy aircraft. It was home to the top three scoring Experten of the Luftwaffe, Erich Hartmann, Gerhard Barkhorn and Günther Rall. The unit flew the various marks of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 exclusively through the war.

Known Victory Claims - Wilhelm Kuken

DATE

PILOT

UNIT

JG

CLAIMED

LOCATION

TIME

FRONT

25/07/1942Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Pe-2-19.32Eastern Front
17/08/1942Uffz. Wilhelm Küken9JG 52I-15385 442: 200m11.44Eastern Front
28/08/1942Uffz. Wilhelm Küken9JG 52LaGG-354 341: 1500m15.03Eastern Front
27/11/1942Uffz. Wilhelm Küken9JG 52I-15344 55110.44Eastern Front
29/11/1942Uffz. Wilhelm Küken9JG 52Il-244 673: 1000m10.47Eastern Front
29/11/1942Uffz. Wilhelm Küken9JG 52LaGG-344 843: 2000m13.39Eastern Front
05/12/1942Uffz. Wilhelm Küken9JG 52Boston III44 723: 1200m10.5Eastern Front
09/02/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-247 612: 100m9.3Eastern Front
09/03/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-563 254: 3500m8.1Eastern Front
09/03/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Pe-263 424: 800m11.01Eastern Front
09/03/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Pe-263 452: 300m11.13Eastern Front
05/07/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-463 652: ca. 400m18.28Eastern Front
06/07/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Boston III53 656: 1500m5.22Eastern Front
07/07/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-563 554: 1500m6.57Eastern Front
18/07/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-374 771: 2000m9.27Eastern Front
22/07/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-2mH.63 217: 800m10.22Eastern Front
28/07/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-354 665: 2000m4.32Eastern Front
29/07/1943Fw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-354 684: 500m15.49Eastern Front
03/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-554 768: 1500m11.34Eastern Front
04/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-2mH.63 431: 300m9.48Eastern Front
08/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-2mH.E. Jarzewo: 200m12.04Eastern Front
08/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-2mH.S. Jarzewo: 300m12.02Eastern Front
08/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-2mH.E. Buchowschtschina: 400m12.11Eastern Front
08/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-535 439: 4200m18.25Eastern Front
11/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-3NW Spas-Demensk: 1800m12.38Eastern Front
11/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-3NW Spas-Demensk: 800m12.41Eastern Front
14/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-5NE Dukhovshchina: 4000m17.33Eastern Front
16/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-2mH.NE Dukhovshchina: 500m13.1Eastern Front
21/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-4NE Ssevsk: 4000m16.26Eastern Front
23/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-344 641: 200m18.32Eastern Front
23/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-354 543: 100m18.38Eastern Front
24/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51DB-3SE Dyatkovo: 2500m7.06Eastern Front
24/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51DB-3NW Podbushye: 2000m7.1Eastern Front
24/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-3SE Podbushye: 300m7.56Eastern Front
26/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Jak-7NW Ssevsk: 3800m9.15Eastern Front
30/08/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Boston IIISSE Shuravka: 500m12.35Eastern Front
01/09/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51BostonVoronezh: 5800m11.35Eastern Front
15/09/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-2mH.W. Yelnya: 1000m13.2Eastern Front
17/09/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-5SW Yelnya: 4500m7.1Eastern Front
17/09/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-3S. Yelnya: 3500m7.22Eastern Front
18/09/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51LaGG-5Yelnya: 2500m9.2Eastern Front
18/09/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Jak-9SW Yelnya: 2500m16.12Eastern Front
18/09/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Jak-1S. Yelnya: 5800m16.2Eastern Front
05/10/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Jak-9SE Maqui: 4000m10.22Eastern Front
12/10/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Pe-2Ruduja: 3000m10.3Eastern Front
22/10/1943Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Pe-2Gomel: 2300m11.15Eastern Front
16/01/1944Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Mitchell93 362 etwa 2700m12.4Eastern Front
07/02/1944Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Pe-296 825: 3000m7.35Eastern Front
09/02/1944Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-296 682: 300m13.4Eastern Front
21/02/1944Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Il-203 173: tiefflug11.37Eastern Front
21/02/1944Ofw. Wilhelm Küken9JG 51Pe-204 726: 1300m15.42Eastern Front

Known Claims : 51

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